top of page





American Civil Liberties Union. (2010). In for a penny: The rise of America's debtor's prisons. Retrieved from:

American Civil Liberties Union of New Jersey.  (2015).  Selective policing: Racially disparate enforcement of low-level offenses in New Jersey.  American Civil Liberties Union of New Jersey.  Retrieved from:

American Civil Liberties Union, & Columbia Legal Services. (2014). Modern-day debtor's prisons: The ways court-imposed debts punish people for being poor.  Retrieved from:


Bannon, A., Nagrecha, M., & Diller, R. (2010). Criminal justice debt: A barrier to reentry. New York University School of Law: Brennan Center for Justice, 1-34.  Retrieved from:

Bierie, D. M. (2014). Fugitives in the United States. Journal of Criminal Justice, 42 (4), 327-337.

Bierie, D. M. (2015). National public registry of active-warrants: A policy proposal.  Federal Probation, 79(1), 27-30.

Dolan, K., & Carr, J. L. (2015). The poor get prison: The alarming spread of the criminalization of poverty. Institute for Policy Studies, 1-35.  Retrieved from:

Evans, D. N. (2014). The debt penalty: Exposing the financial barriers to offender reintegration. Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York (CUNY), 1-25.  Retrieved from:

Flannery, D. J. (2013). Wanted on warrants: the fugitive safe surrender program. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press.

Glaze, L.E. & Bonczar, T.P. 2010.  Parents in prison and their minor children. U.S. Department of Justice, 1-25.  Retrieved from

Goffman, A. (2014). On the run: Fugitive life in an American city. New York, NY: The University of Chicago Press.


Goffman, A. (2009). On the Run: Wanted Men in a Philadelphia Ghetto. American Sociological Review, 74(3)  339-357.


Guynes, R. & Wolff, R. (2004).  Un-served arrest warrants: An exploratory study.  National Institute of Justice, p. 1-34.  Retrieved from:

Harris, A., Evans, H., & Beckett, K. (2010).  Drawing blood from stones: legal debt and social inequality in the contemporary United States.  American Journal of Sociology, 115 (6), 1753-1799. Doi:10.1086/651463

Harris, A. (2016).  A Pound of Flesh: Monetary Sanctions as Punishment for the Poor. New York, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Karakatsanis, A. (2015) . "Policing, Mass Imprisonment, and the Failure of American Lawyers". Retrieved 2018-02-24.

Lepore, J. (2009). I.O.U.: How we treat debtors. The NewYorker.  Retrieved from:

Levingston, K. D., & Turetsky, V. (2007). Debtors' Prison—Prisoners' accumulation of debt as a barrier to reentry. Clearinghouse Review Journal of Poverty and Law Policy, 41(3), 187-197.

McLean,R., & Thompson, M. 2007.  Repaying Debts.  New York, NY: Council of State Governments Justice Center.  Retrieved from:

New Jersey State Police (2014). Index offense analysis. Retrieved from:


Patel, R., & Philip, M. (2012).  Criminal justice debt: A toolkit for action. New York University School of Law: Brennan Center for Justice, 1.38. Retrieved from

Roman, C. G., & Link, N. (2015). Child support, Debt, and Prisoner Reentry: Examining the Influences of Prisoners' Legal and Financial Obligations on Reentry. Final Report to the National Institute of Justice. 1-88. Retrieved from:

The Anti-Poverty Network of New Jersey. (2017).  The uncomfortable truth: Racism, injustice, and poverty in New Jersey. Retrieved from:

The Sentencing Project. Criminal Justice Facts. Retrieved from  

The Sentencing Project.  (2013). Report of The Sentencing Project to the United Nations Human Rights Committee Regarding Racial Disparities in the United States Criminal Justice System,  Retrieved from:

United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division. (2015). Investigation of the Ferguson Police Department. Retrieved from:

Vallas, R.,  Patel, R.,  (2012). Sentenced To a Life of Criminal Debt: A barrier to reentry and climbing out of poverty. Clearinghouse Review, 46(3), 131-141.

VanNostrand, M. (2013). New Jersey jail population analysis- Identifying opportunities to safely and responsibly reduce the jail population.  Luminosity in Partnership with the Drug Policy Alliance, 1-22.  Retrieved from:

Western, B., Braga, A.A., Davis, J. & Sirios, C. (2015). Stress and hardship after prison.  American Journal of Sociology, 120 (5), 1512-47.


bottom of page